Beta-carotene: medium; vitamin E: low; riboflavin: low; folic acid: low; ascorbic acid: medium; calcium: low; iron: medium; protein: %. Young. EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a. Notes. BRIEF DESCRIPTION A beet with large crisp, fleshy leaf stalks and large leaves rather than enlarged roots. USES The midribs of the leaves are eaten.

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The fruit utricle is enclosed by the leathery and incurved perianth, and is vulgarjs in the swollen, hardened perianth base. He also ordered that 28, hectares 69, acres be devoted to growing the new sugar beet.

This work has been released into the public domain by its author, Neelix at English Wikipedia. Young leaves of the garden beet are sometimes used similarly. Beets are one of the most boron -intensive of modern crops, a dependency possibly introduced as an evolutionary response its pre-industrial ancestor ‘s constant exposure to sea spray ; on commercial farms, a 60 tonne per hectare The roots and leaves vullgaris the beet have been used in traditional medicine to treat a wide variety of ailments.

Now rankless cultivar groups are used, according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Betacyanin in beetroot may cause red urine in people who are unable to break it down. Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. A royal decree led to the first factory devoted to sugar extraction from beetroots being opened in KunernSilesia now Konary, Poland in In other projects Wikimedia Var.ckcla Wikispecies.

Modern sugar beets date back to midth century Silesia where the king of Prussia subsidised experiments aimed at processes for sugar extraction. The wild ancestor of the cultivated beets is the sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp. The World’s Greatest Cooking Encyclopedia. Archived from the original PDF on According to the morphological and biochemical results obtained, it is concluded that the extract of this plant when administered by gavage may reduce blood glucose levels by regeneration of the B cells.

They are also pickled.

The stems grow erect or, in the wild forms, often procumbent; they are simple or branched in the upper part, [3] and their surface is ribbed and striate. It remains a widely cultivated commercial crop for producing table sugar, in vwr.cicla due to subsidies scaled to keep it competitive with tropical sugar cane. Neelix grants anyone the right to use this work for any purposewithout any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Views View Edit History. Retrieved var.cila ” https: Flora of North America Editorial Committee eds. Leaf vegetables Amaranthaceae Edible plants. Archived from the original e-book on Beetroot remains have been excavated in the Third dynasty Saqqara pyramid at Thebes, Egyptand four charred beetroots were found in the Neolithic site of Aartswoud in the Netherlands though it has not been determined whether these were domesticated or wild forms of B.

All cultivars fall into the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. The usually deep-red roots of garden beet can be baked, boiled, or steamed, and often served hot as a cooked vegetable or cold as a salad vegetable. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong.

Indicaxanthin has been shown as a powerful protective antioxidant for thalassemia and prevents the breakdown of alpha-tocopherol Vitamin E. Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta ” PDF.

Chard has shiny, green, ribbed leaves, with petioles that range from white to yellow to red, depending on the cultivar. Chard, like other green leafy vegetables, has highly nutritious leaves, making it a popular component of healthy diets. Chard Beta vulgaris L. This page was last edited on 8 Novemberat Views Read Edit View history. In Eastern Europe beet soup, such as cold borschis a popular dish.

Beta vulgaris – Wikipedia

In fruit, the glomerules of flowers form connate hard clusters. It is the economically most important crop of the large order Caryophyllales. Webarchive template webcite links Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Commons category link is on Wikidata. The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited.

Chard ‘Rhubarb Chard’

The “earthy” taste of some beetroot cultivars comes from the presence of geosmin. The original description page was here. This is why red beetroots leave a purple stain.

The Silesian sugar beet was soon introduced to France where Napoleon opened schools specifically for studying the plant. I hold the copyright. The following other wikis use this file: Beetroot cells are quite unstable and will ‘leak’ when cut, heated, or when in contact with air or sunlight.